GLOSSARY

A·B·C·DE·F·G·HI·J·K·L·MN·O·PQ·R·S·T·UV·WXYZ

ACROSS
Movement of one leg crossing in front of the other.
AND - Three counts in 2 beats of the music (1&2) "&" indicates movement on a half beat of music.
BEHIND
A step with the free foot crossing behind the weighted foot.
BRUSH
A very soft scuff, usually with the ball of the foot.
BUMP
Dancers bump hips in any direction.
CHARLESTON
Step forward on left foot, do a sweeping motion with the right foot and touch the right toe in front of left, do a sweeping motion back and step back on the right foot, do a sweeping motion back with the left foot and touch the left toe behind the right foot. This can be done with either foot steping forward.
COASTER STEP
This is a triple step done in place, very similar to a shuffle step. The count is 1&2. (1) step back on the left foot, (&) step back with the right foot next to the left changing weight, (2) step forward with the left foot to the home position. This of course can start with either the left or the right foot.
COUNT
A call used to count the rhythm of foot movements and weight changes, or to count the beats of music.
DIAGONAL
45 degrees out from the center of the Line of Dance (direction).
DIG
To touch the ball or heel of the free foot to the floor with a strong emphasis.
FAN
With feet together, turn toes of one foot out 90 degrees (pivoting on the heel) and return to the home position
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GRAPEVINE or VINE
A continuous traveling step pattern to the side with crossing one foot behind and/or in front of weighted foot.
Example: 1. Step LEFT to left. 2. Setp RIGHT behind LEFT. 3. Stpe LEFT to left. 4. The forth count varies, it can be a touch, scuff, kick, hook, etc.
HEEL SPLIT
With weight on the toes, the heels of both feet swing outward, pivoting on balls of feet, and back together.
HEEL STOMPS
Lift both heels off the floor by bending the knees. Return the heels to the floor. Takes one beat of music and counted as "& 1".
HOLD
A count to describe a designated time before taking another step, a hold step.
HOME
Original starting place.
HOP OR SCOOT
A spring into the air from one foot and landing on the same foot.
HOOK
Bending the free leg at the knee and bringing up the heel of that foot up and across in front of the opposite leg.
HITCH
Bending the free letg at the knee and bringing up the heel of that foot strait up
JAZZ BOX
Crossing right over left, stepping back on the left foot, stepping to the right side with the right, stepping together with the left. This can be done in the opposite direction also.
KICK, BALL, CHANGE
This step has the count of 1&2. (1) Kick the Right foot forward. (&) Step on the ball of the Right foot next to the Left foot as you raise this foot. (2) then step on the left foot again. Variation may include a Kick, Ball, Point, or a Kick, Ball, Cross. This can start with either foot.
KICK
Kick foot in any direction.
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LEFT
Refers to the left foot, hand, hip or a direction.
LOCK
A tight crossing of the feet in 1st or 2nd position.  As in steping forward with the right foot, stepping the left up tight behind the right foot then stepping forward with the right foot again.
LUNGE
A weight transfer to a bent leg with the other leg extended. Usually has a count of more than one or a hold beat.
MILITARY TURN or PIVOT
Step forward with one foot, transfer weight to the balls of both feet then pivot 180° in the opposite direction of the forward foot changing weight to the forward foot. Example: 1. Step forward with the RIGHT foot. 2. Pivot on the balls of both feet to the left 1/2 turn, as you move your weight over the forward foot which will be the LEFT foot. Repeat these 2 steps for a full Military Turn.
MONTERY TURN
This is a 4 count move. It is usually done starting on the right foot. (1) Touch right foot to the right side.  (2) Bring right in and behind you as you pivot on the right foot and do a 1/2 turn to the right and step on the right foot.
(3) Touch the Left foot out to the left side. (4) Then bring the Left foot back to home and step on it. This 4 count turn will be a half turn and a lot of the time it will be done twice and will be a full turn. (2 half turns)
OVER
Crossing one foot over the other.
PADDLE TURN
A turn either left or right, using a series of ball changes with most of the weight staying over the turning foot.
PIVOT
A movement of the feet, turning on the ball or balls of the feet.
PIGEON TOE
A pattern traveling sideways bringing the toes together leaving the heels apart, then bringing the heels together leaving the toes apart.
ROCK
Two weight changes with the feet apart, taken in any direction. Kind of like a rocking chair, rock from one foot to the other.
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SAILOR SHUFFLE/STEPS
A triple step dance pattern accomplished by leaning slightly in the opposite direction of the crossing foot (weight stays centered over lead foots original position) EXAMPLE: Leaning toward left (1) Step left behind right (&) step right next to left (2) step left (to original home position). Kind of like a crossing coaster step.
SCUFF
To scuff the heel of the foot against the floor.
SHUFFLE
A triple step similar to a Polka step, this is a 1 & 2 count, (three steps in two beats of music). Example: A LEFT Shuffle forward; (1) Step forward left. (&) Bring the right foot up to the heel of the left foot and put weight on it. (2) Step forward left switching your weight to the left foot.  This step can be done starting with either foot and can also be done to the side as a (side, together, side) or as a crossing shuffle. Example: Crossing the Right foot infront of the left foot, steping on the left foot which is behind the right foot, then crossing the Right foot in front of the left foot again. (cross, and, cross) 

Note: From a technical stand point, a shuffle would be smooth, a polka would have lilt (bounce), and a cha-cha would have Cuban Motion. This may be of little or no concern to the social dancer especially the beginner.
SHIMMY
Alternating shoulder movements forward and backward rapidly.
SLIDE
A movement in any direction Step on one foot then draw or slide the other foot up to the weighted foot.
SLIDE or DRAG
To bring the free foot slowly together to the weighted foot.
SPIN
A 180 or 360 degree turn on one foot.
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SPLIT
The feet move apart with the weight evenly distributed over both feet.
STEP
The transfer of weight from one foot to another.
STOMP
Foot is put down flat with force and will make a noise. The weight will end up on this foot.
STOMP UP
This is the same as a STOMP but your weight will remain on the opposite foot because you will use the stomp up foot for the next step.
STRUT
Moving forward, place the heel on the floor for count 1, then slapping the ball of the foot on the floor for count 2.
SUGAR FOOT
Touching the toe of the right foot at the home position, then touching the heal of the same foot to the same home position. This is usually a 3 count step with the third step being a step or cross and sometimes a triple step which would make it a 4 beat step series. (1, 2 3&4)
SWAY
A tilt of the chest to the side, without lowering the torso Stretching from the side upwards.
SWITCH
Shifting weight from one foot to the other in a rapid sliding movement.
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TOE FAN
Toe swings outward, pivoting on heel, and back.
TOE SPLITS
With you weight on the heels, toes are spread apart and then back together.
TURNING
Changing position in a circular fashion either right or left.
TOGETHER
To bring the feet together with a change of weight.
VINE
See Grapevine
WALTZ
Step either foot forward or back, step the other foot together, step the other foot in place. This is done to 3 counts of music.
WEAVE
Left: Cross right over left, Step left to the left side. Cross right behind left. Step left to seft side

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